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A tooth extraction is a procedure to remove a tooth from gums, possibly the jaw bone. The most common reason for an extraction is to remove decayed teeth, fractured or broken teeth or when a tooth cannot erupt fully, to reduce dental crowding or the risk of infection.

  • The most common reason for extraction is tooth damage due to breakage or decay. There are additional reasons for tooth extraction:
    • Severe tooth decay or infection (acute or chronic alveolar abscess).
    • Extra teeth which are blocking other teeth from coming in.
    • Severe gum disease which may affect the supporting tissues and bone structures of teeth.
    • In preparation for orthodontic treatment (braces)
    • Teeth in the fracture line
    • Teeth which cannot be restored endodontically
    • Fractured teeth
    • Supenumerary, supplementary or malformed teeth
    • Prosthetics; teeth detrimental to the fit or appearance of dentures
    • Insufficient space for wisdom teeth (impacted third molars). Cosmetic; teeth of poor appearance, unsuitable for restoration
    • Receiving radiation to the head and neck may require extraction of teeth in the field of radiation.

    X-rays of mouth is taken to evaluate the position of the teeth, shape, and numbers of roots to avoid any future problems.

    In most cases, the removal of teeth is performed under local anaesthesia. Sedation or general anaesthesia can be discussed with us.

    Possible Surgical risk will be discussed with you before the procedure is performed.

Types of extractions

  • Simple Extraction: This involves use of elevator and forceps.
  • Surgical Extraction: This involves incision, elevation of soft tissue, removal some of the bone and may involve sectioning of the tooth before removal.